The Journal abides by the guidelines established by the University Grant Commission: Consortium for Academic Research and Ethics (UGC-CARE) to maintain the caliber of research and academic integrity"

ISSN Print : 2320-7655
ISSN Online : 2320-8805
RNI No. : CHAENG/2013/49611
Periodicity of the Journal : Bi-Annually

Journal of Issues and Ideas in Education (Issues Ideas Educ.)

Open access
Rigorous peer review

The aim of the Journal is to offer educationists, teacher educators, administrators, researchers, practitioners, policymakers and theorists at large, the opportunity to share knowledge related to advancements in the field of education and its applications in other disciplines by emphasizing originality, quality, importance and relevance of published work.

The Journal of Issues and Ideas in Education has a specific scope that covers fields of education, psychology, philosophy, classroom teaching, evaluation, e-learning, information technology, educational management, administration and supervision, guidance and counseling, training of special children, educational technology, current issues in education and other related areas. Thus, the journal welcomes papers, both in theoretical and applied fields, of an original and expository type that addresses the issue of interdisciplinary nature and cross-curricular dimensions, but not limited to these.

The "Issues and Ideas in Education” (Issues Ideas Educ.) is a peer-reviewed, refereed, bi-annual open-access Journal of Chitkara University Publications. One can freely access the journal’s article online at

Journal of Issues and Ideas in Education (Issues Ideas Educ.) by Chitkara University Publications are Open Access articles that are published with license under a Creative Commons Attribution- CC-BY 4.0 International License. Based on a work at This license permits one to use, remix, tweak and reproduction in any medium, even commercially provided one gives credit for the original creation.

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Issue Number Month
Issue-1 March
Issue-2 September
Publisher Chitkara University Publications
  • Awareness on Accreditation of Diploma Engineering Programmes

    B L Gupta
    Published: September 9, 2022 | Pages: 61-69
    Download PDF | Google Scholar
  • Establishing the Practicability of Organic Reaction Teaching Model in Minimizing Student’s Common Errors to Improve Academic Performance

    Abdulmalik Sabitu, Othman Talib and Norizah Abdul Rahaman
    Published: January 25, 2023 | Pages: 71-81
    Download PDF | Google Scholar
  • Emotional Intelligence of High School Students in Relation to their Spiritual Intelligence

    Amanpreet Kaur, Sheojee Singh
    Published: September 22, 2022 | Pages: 83-90
    Download PDF | Google Scholar
  • Millennials in Higher Education: Do They Really Learn Differently

    Dr Preeti Goyal, Poornima Gupta
    Published: April 18, 2022 | Pages: 1-12
    Download PDF | Google Scholar
  • School Closures: Facing Challenges of Learning Loss in India

    Chandra B. P. Singh
    Published: April 18, 2022 | Pages: 13-19
    Download PDF | Google Scholar
  • Background: The provision of graded accreditation and autonomy of colleges has been made in the national education policy (NEP) 2020 which will be applicable for all types of higher education institutions in the country. The authors have noticed that there are very few diploma engineering programmes having accreditation and that too will expire for the majority of the programmes in June 2022.

    Purpose: To ascertain the awareness of faculty members on the accreditation process was the main purpose of the study. Apart from it, reasons for a very low number of programme accreditation were inferred and suggestions are made for the national board of accreditation (NBA), state government and polytechnics to improve and innovate the quality of diploma engineering programmes to satisfy the future needs of students, employers and society and implement the provisions of NEP 2020.

    Method: A descriptive research study was undertaken using the structured and semi-structured instrument designed by the researchers. The responses were collected from 525 principals, heads of departments and faculty members of the polytechnics of the country using Google Form.

    Results: It is found that on 95 parameters of the accreditation process the cumulative weighted mean level of awareness of faculty members is more than 60 percent. That clearly indicates that teachers are having in-depth awareness ofthe requirements of the accreditation process but they are achieving the minimum expectable level on various pre-qualifiers, criteria and sub-criteria because of various reasons.

    Conclusions: There is a number of other reasons which are abstracting the polytechnic and programmes to qualify for the accreditation. These reasons should be identified and addressed using well-designed quality improvement and innovation interventions at state, polytechnic and faculty members levels.

    Background: Systematic collection of scientific evidence on the applicability an usability of model

    and its components is an important aspect of design and development research.

    Purpose: The aim of this study is to determine external validity of the organic reaction teaching model in terms of its practicability and potentiality in enhancing students’ performance scores.

    Method: A field testing method was conducted across five matriculation colleges in Malaysia by five (5) experts’ chemistry lectures who implemented a lesson plan developed based on the model’s constructs and then responded to an open ended questionnaire to express their views on the practicability of the model. 40 matriculation Students that participated in the field testing were also evaluated to determine the potentiality of the model on their performance in organic reactions. Four main themes having of many codes and quotations were identified.

    Results: The analysis of the results indicates that the model is compatible, clear and flexible for teaching organic reactions. Moreover, the model components have the potential of miximizing students’ academic performance in organic reaction with an overall score of 84.4 % in the organic chemistry tests. Thus, the model was found practicable for teaching and have the potential to minimized students’ common errors in organic reaction mechanisms.

    Conclusions: The findings of this study may similarly work as a reference model in developing modules and measuring instruments to reduce errors in other procedural concepts in chemistry and other science-related subjects.

    Background: Emotional intelligence and spiritual intelligence are accompaniment to each other for refining human life. Spiritual intelligence builds up moral value, spiritual values and a strong belief system whereas emotional intelligence helps to develop personal relationships with one’s own self, social relationships with others and to manage the emotions.

    Purpose: The high school students are facing a major burst of emotions which needs to be channelized to give them the right direction in life. In this, their emotional intelligence and spiritual intelligence play an imperative role. Present research paper is an attempt to explore the relationship between emotional intelligence and spiritual intelligence of high school students. It examines how the spiritual intelligence affects the emotional intelligence of the students.

    Methods: This research is carried out on 150 students of 9th standard CBSE affiliated schools. For data collection, Spiritual Intelligence Scales by Misra (2014) and Emotional Intelligence Test by Soni and Sharma (2009) were used. The SPSS software is used for the analysis of the data. Descriptive Statistic: Mean, Median, Mode, Standard Deviation, Skewness and Kurtosis are calculated to check the normal distribution of the data and inferential statistics: Pearson Correlation Coefficient and Regression Analysis are calculated to measure the relationship between the variables under study.

    Results: The results of the study reject the null hypothesis and reveal that spiritual intelligence has a significant positive correlation with the emotional intelligence of the students.

    Conclusions: The study shows that the students who are spiritually more intelligent have more stable emotions as compared to the other students.

    Background: Effective skill development remains an important vehicle for national prosperity. Aswhat appeared to work with their predecessor generation (Gen X) does not have the same results with Millennials many educators today are experimenting with pedagogies to effectively train Millennials. Globally, it is becoming evident that the Millennials in higher education learn very differently than their predecessors.

    Purpose: Our study provides comparisons on three learning parameters of learning affectivity, goal orientation and competition between Gen X & Millennials..

    Methods: To study whether the learning attributes are similar or they differ across the two generations we compared the means of the three attributes under consideration. Results: We find Millennials to be different from Gen X across the three studied parameters suggesting that teaching pedagogies require a rethink for Millennials.

    Conclusions: These results could be useful in designing appropriate teaching pedagogies that are likely to improve Millennials’ learning.

    Background: Learning losses does not mean forgetting only curricular learning but slipping back of fundamental learning abilities that learner would have acquired during schooling. School closures in India have severely disrupted learning processes of children resulting in learning losses and social gaps in academic outcomes. Though school closure is a global phenomenon, its adverse effects on learning outcomes are unevenly distributed in the society.

    Purpose: The paper aims to trace the phenomenon of learning losses resulting from a prolonged school closures during COVID 19 pandemic at the national level since march 2020.The study further is directed to trace accessibilities and uses of digital resources in India.

    Method: The study used secondary sources of data mainly of Bihar to ascertain the trend of learning losses. The data were regenerated to measure the emerging trend. Results: Learning loss was unevenly distributed in the society. Those who were digitally equipped had compensated their learning losses during school closures. The Bihar had mere 5 per cent computer and 15 internet facilities. The rural households had only 3 per cent computer and 13 per cent internet facilities. Primary grade children especially of disadvantaged groups in Bihar suffered more because they have very limited home learning resources. Learning crisis was more prominent at elementary school level where both the home resources and digital tools were inadequate. They spent hours in surfing social media for private purposes. The phenomenon of cyber loafing was widely seen among young students, showing a serious problem of internet abuse by secondary school students.

    Conclusion: Despite constraints Bihar managed to continue school learning programme during COVID 19. It had a largest force of digitally-equipped teachers (about 1.25 lakh) known as Potential Learning Community (PLC) who were ready to deliver e-contents to beneficiaries. Teachers established connectivity with parents and learners who had no android mobile. They started running Schools on Mobile (SOM) classes. The paper discusses learning recovery plan such as engaging community, reallocating resources for schools, etc.

    Background: Self-efficacy in the use of ICT refers to a person’s belief in their ability to succeed in the use of ICT in the teaching, learning and assessment process as well as research purposes.

    Purpose: The incorporation of ICT into teaching, learning and as-sessment, and for research purposes is a powerful tool that pro-motes the teaching-learning environment in several ways. This study was aimed at investigating Physics Tutors’ self-efficacy (PTSE) level towards ICT integration into teaching, learning, as-sessment and research in the various Colleges of Education (CoE) in Ghana.

    Methods: A Four-point Likert Scale Questionnaire was used to ob-tain quantitative data from 16 physics tutors sampled from the 16 Science and Mathematics Colleges of Education in Ghana. The data obtained was analyzed based on a number of factors such as historical inclination towards the use of ICT among other things.

    Results: The findings from the study however reveled that most physics tutors accept and believe that the use of ICT in teaching physics significantly improves on teaching and learning. However, many of the Physics Tutors believe that there isn’t enough support in terms of logistics and training from the various stakeholders such as institutional heads, supervisors and even colleagues in the usage of ICT in teaching and learning physics Conclusions: It is concluded that the overall PTSE towards ICT integration in the CoE is above average (2.6 on a scale of 4).

    Background: The twenty-first-century learners can be termed as digital natives and therefore, any discussion on the pedagogies and curriculum must concentrate on integrating digital literacy skills and the teaching and learning materials must focus on the development of the technological intelligence of the learners. The principal appre-hension for all the educationists and curriculum planners is how to transform and modify higher education for preparing the learners of this century to more effectively cope with the challenges of today’s labor market.
    Purpose: The paper aims to answer two key questions facing higher educational educators are those of: (i) what is the present status of higher education in preparing the graduates with the necessary skills and competencies for 21st-century skills, and (ii) how can the present education system integrate the digital and technological intelligence in the curriculum?
    Methods: Exploration of the current Indian higher education cur-riculum and critically analyzing the results of various studies con-ducted in a similar area and by analyzing newspapers, educational policies, public survey results, and literature regarding the trends and developments in the higher education academia.
    Results: This disposition visualized the possible challenges and suggests practical measures to solve the problems and demand for a new paradigm where there is symbiotic integration of digital literacy skills and technological intelligence is highlighted. Conclusion: There is a great need for updating and transforming the curriculum and pedagogic approaches in tune with the learning styles and demands of the learners.

    Background: Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) is a European innovative interdisciplinary educational convergence that intends to promote multilingual competence among students through the learning of the subjects in a second/foreign language. This approach is considered one of the significant developments in the field of education that emerged in the last decade of the twentieth century garnering massive acceptance and implementation in schools and universities in Europe and other parts of Asia.

    Purpose: Although one can see a growing number of research studies and classroom experiments on CLIL in diverse educational contexts, in other countries such as India, education exhibits lacuna in terms of knowledge, research and practice. Therefore, a research study was designed with the objective of exploring and understanding the nature and method of CLIL practices prevalent in bilingual primary and secondary school classrooms in Castilla La Mancha, Spain. Spain was chosen because it is one of the pioneering countries that steered an exhaustive variety of research and experiments in CLIL practices in its diverse educational contexts.

    Methods: Adopting qualitative research method Participant Classroom Observations, twenty classes of two bilingual schools—fifteen classes of Natural Science and Social Science in primary school and five classes of Music at Secondary School that used CLIL approach were observed and findings recorded using observation template.

    Results: The findings provided a myriad view of the bilingual experiences in the classrooms, diversity and range of pedagogical practices used, student teacher interaction dynamics present, positive learning environment provided for the students in the classes to mention a few.

     Conclusion: The study concludes with the understanding of the ‘added value’ and the numerous benefits the approach provides for the students. As a fresh and innovative approach, CLIL promotes holistic and meaningful learning catering to the needs of twenty first century education systems.


    Background: The higher education institutions will go a major innovation, reform, and change to achieve the goal of achieving quality, accreditation, and autonomy.

    Purpose: To evolve a holistic framework and strategies for achieving, quality, accreditation, and autonomy.

    Methods: The study is an exploratory qualitative study. The unstructured questionnaire is used for conducting the research which is responded to by 754 respondents working in higher and technical education institutions in the country.

    Result: The framework suggested in this study is having four rings. The innermost ring is a governing ring that is responsible for the professional governance of the institute with the help of the governing teams. The second ring is the capacity-building ring which is responsible for capacity building and capacity development and creating an innovative climate and culture. The third ring is a functional ring that is responsible for implementing the innovations, reforms, and change in the institute that are aligned to the provisions of the national education policy 2020. The fourth ring is the product and service ring and also the outermost ring which is responsible for the interface between the institution and the external environment. Conclusion: The reform-oriented institutions are provided strengths by these four rings to obtain accreditation and autonomy and sustain it. The strategies for each ring are suggested in the context of the National Education Policy 2020. It is suggested to implement the framework and strategies to effectively, efficiently, and productively implement the innovations in the institute.

    The study was conducted to assess social-emotional competencies among Indian and Ethiopian undergraduates. A total of 400 (200 each) participants, with an equal number of 100 male and female were selected through a multi-stage sampling procedure from Punjabi University (India), and Wollega University and Ambo University (Ethiopia). The participants were tested with the Social Skills Inventory (SSI: Riggio & Carney, 2003), which consists of two super-dimensions, i.e. emotional competence and social competence each having three sub-dimensions: emotional expressivity, emotional sensitivity, emotional control, and social expressivity, social sensitivity and social control respectively. Obtained
    data were subjected to t-statistics. Significant mean differences in social-emotional competence were observed between the Indian and Ethiopian young adults;male and female samples of the two countries. The Indian sample was greater in Social-emotional competence than the Ethiopian sample. Similarly, male and female participants from the Indian sample were greater in social-emotional skills than that of the Ethiopian sample, except for emotional sensitivity with the female participants, where the mean difference was non-significant. Further explorations are recommended to consolidate or refute the result of the present study.