Problem Solving Ability & Locality as The Influential Factors of Academic Achievement Among High School Students
Academic achievement of the pupil is the prime concern of educational process. The problem solving ability has been playing a significant role in determining student’s academic achievement. Keeping this in view, the present study was designed to examine empirically the effect of problem solving ability on the academic achievement of rural and urban school students. The research was conducted on 250 school students (118 rural & 132 urban) studying in 10th class CBSE affiliated private schools that were randomly selected from Rohtak district of Haryana State. Descriptive survey method was used to elicit opinion of rural & urban school students about their problem solving ability and their academic achievement at school. The problem solving ability of sample was assessed by using Dubey’s Problem Solving Ability Test (2006) & for academic achievement of students, the school records i.e. marks obtained by the students in previous (IXth) class was considered. The data was analyzed statistically by using ANOVA supplemented by t-test. The findings of the study revealed that problem solving ability had significant effect on the academic achievement of the students whereas significant difference was observed in the academic achievement of students studied in urban and rural schools. However, the significant interaction effects of locality and problem solving ability on the academic achievement of the students had been found.
Adesoji, F. A. (2008). students’ ability levels and effectiveness of problem-solving instructional strategy. Journal of Social Sciences,17 (1), 5-8.
Adeyemo, s. A. (2010). students’ ability level and their competence in problem-solving task in physics. International Journal of Education Research and Technology (IJERT), 1 (2), 35-47.
Battle, j. & Lewis, M. (2002). To Increasing significance of class: the relative effect of race and socioeconomic status on academic achievement. Journal of Poverty, 6(2), pp.21.http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/j134v06n02_02
Darchingpui A. (1989). A study of science achievement, science attitude and problem-solving ability among school students in Aizawl. North Eastern Hill University. In Fifth Survey of Educational Research. (1997). 2. N.C. E.r.T., New Delhi.
Dhir, T. (2014). Problem-solving ability and science process skills as the influential factors of scientific creativity.International Journal of Research Pedagogy & Technology in Education & Movement Science (IJEMS), 2 (4), 11-17.
Dubey, L. N. (2006). Manuals and consumable booklet of problem-solving ability test. Agra, National Psychological Corporation.
Gakhar & Aseema (2004). Influence of self-concept stress, locality and gender on the academic achievement and reasoning ability of adolescents. Prachi Journal of Psycho-cultural Dimensions,20 (1), 25-28.
Gupta, r. (2013).Problem-solving ability and academic achievement among the students belonging to scheduled tribe and scheduled caste categories. International Journal of Research Pedagogy and Technology in Education and Movement Science, 1(3), 95-107.
Gupta, M., Pasrija, P. & Kavita (2015). Effect of problem-solving ability on academic achievement of high school students: A comparative study. Bhartiyam International Journal of Education & Research, 4 (II), 46-59.
Jeotee, K. (2012) reasoning skills, problem-solving ability and academic ability: implications for study programme and career choice in the context of higher education in Thailand., Durham Theses, Durham University. Available at Durham E-Theses Online: http://etheses.dur.ac.uk/3380/retrived on May 14, 2014.
Kalhotra K. s. (2014). A study of problem-solving behaviour of eighth class students in relation to their creativity. International Invention Journal of Arts and Social Sciences,1(1), 1-6.
Kousar P. (2010). Effect of the problem-solving approach on the academic achievement of students in mathematics at the secondary level. Contemporary Issues in Education Research,3(3), 9-14.http://dx.doi.org/10.19030/cier.v3i3.181
Kumar, s. and Avaradi, s. s. (2014).Problem-solving ability and academic achievement among sc/st students in Gulbarga district. Indian Streams Research Journal,4(9), 1-5, Available online at www.isrj.netretrived on October 30, 2014.
Mayer, r. E. and Wittrock, M. C. (2006). Problem-solving. In P. A. Alexander & P. H. Winne (Eds.) Handbook of Educational Psychology, 287–303. Mahwah, Nj: Lawrence Erlbaum
Nataraj P. N. and Manjula M. (2012).A study of problem-solving ability among the matriculation school students. International Journal of Teacher Educational Research (ITER), 1(4), 44-51.
Polya G. (1981) Mathematics and Plausible Reasoning. Princeton, Nj: Princeton University. Press.
Sharma, I. (2007). Problem-solving abilities and scientific attitude as determinant of academic achievement of higher secondary students. Journal of All India Association for Educational Research,19(12), 68-69.
Copyright (c) 2016 Madhu Gupta, Kavita and Pooja Pasrija
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Articles in Journal of Issues and Ideas in Education (Issues Ideas Educ.) by Chitkara University Publications are Open Access articles that are published with licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution- CC-BY 4.0 International License. Based on a work at https://iie.chitkara.edu.in. This license permits one to use, remix, tweak and reproduction in any medium, even commercially provided one give credit for the original creation.
View Legal Code of the above mentioned license, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode
View Licence Deed here https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
|Journal of Issues and Ideas in Education by Chitkara University Publications is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at https://iie.chitkara.edu.in