Assessing the Relationship between Grit and Academic Resilience among Students
Keywords:Academic resilience, Grit, School students
The purpose of the present study was to assess relationship between Grit and Academic Resilience among school students. The sample consisted of 120 school students with equal number of males and females (Male=60 & Female=60) from various private schools of Chandigarh, Ludhiana and Phagwara. Short Grit Scale, Grit- S (Duckworth & Quinn, 2009) and Motivation and Engagement Scale-High School (MES-HS) 12th edition (Martin, 2012) were used to gather data. It was hypothesized that there will be a positive correlation between self-belief, persistence and control components of Academic Resilience and Grit; and negative correlation between anxiety component of Academic Resilience and Grit. Males were hypothesized to score higher on Grit scale than females. Pearson Product Moment correlation was used to analyze the data and t–test was used to determine the gender differences. The results of the analysis showed a positive correlation between self-belief and persistence components of Academic Resilience and Grit and a negative correlation between control and anxiety components of Academic Resilience and Grit. T–test indicated no significant differences in Grit amongst male and female participants. The findings of the present study have very important implications for Indian education system. It paves a way for further exploration of Academic Resilience and Grit amongst school students and their contribution to student efficiency.
Alhadabi, A., & Karpinski, A.C. (2019). Grit, self-efficacy, achievement orientation goals and academic performance in University students. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 25(1), 519-535. https://doi.org/10.1080/02673843.2019.1679202
Ali, J., & Rahaman, A. (2012). A comparative study of Grit between male and female fencers of Manipur. The Shield, 7, 32-36.
Celik, I., & Saricam, H. (2018). The Relationships between Positive Thinking Skills Academic Locus of Control and Grit in Adolescents. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 6(3), 392-398. https://doi.org/10.13189/ujer.2018.060305
Credé, M., Tynan, M.C., & Harms, P.D. (2017). Much ado about Grit: A meta-analytic synthesis of the Grit literature. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 113(3), 492–511. https://doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000102
Dale, G., Sampers, D., Loo, S., & Green, C.S. (2018). Individual differences in exploration and persistence: Grit and beliefs about ability and reward. PLOS ONE, 13(9), e0203131. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0203131
Duckworth, A.L., Peterson, C., Matthews, M.D., & Kelly, D.R. (2007). Grit: Perseverance and Passion for Long-Term Goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92(6), 1087-1101. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3518.104.22.1687
Duckworth, A.L., & Quinn, P.D. (2009). Development and Validation of Short Grit scale (Grit-S). Journal of Personality Assessment, 91(2), 166-174. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223890802634290
Dunston, E.R., Messina, E.S., Coelho, A.J., Chriest, S.N., Waldrip, M.P., Vahk, A., & Taylor, K. (2020). Physical activity is associated with Grit and resilience in college students: Is intensity the key to success. Journal of American College Health. https://doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2020.1740229
Gray, P. (2015, September 22). Declining Student Resilience: A Serious Problem for Colleges. Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/
Hochanadel, A., & Finamore, D. (2015). Fixed and growth mindset in education and how Grit helps students persist in the face of adversity. Journal of International Education and Research, 11(1), 47-50. https://doi.org/10.19030/jier.v11i1.9099
JJ, R.R. & Vijayalaxmi, A.H.M. (2017). Influence of intervention program to foster Academic Resilience among adolescents. International Journal of Home Science, 3(3), 86-89.
Jin, J.I., & Kim, N.C. (2017). Grit, Academic Resilience, and Psychological Well-being in Nursing Students. Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, 23(2), 175-183. https://doi.org/10.5977/jkasne.2017.23.2.175
Ivcevic, Z., & Brackett, M. (2014). Predicting school success: Comparing Conscientiousness, Grit and Emotion Regulation Ability. Journal of Research in Personality, 52, 29-36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2014.06.005
King, K.A., Vidourek, R.A., Merianos, A.L., & Singh, M. (2014). A study of stress, social support, and perceived happiness among college students. The Journal of Happiness & Well-Being, 2(2), 132-144.
Liem, G.A.D., & Martin, A.J. (2011). The motivation and Engagement Scale: Theoretical frameworks, Psychometric Properties and Applied Yields. Australian Psychologist, 47(1), 3-13. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1742-9544.2011.00049.x
Martin, A. (2002). Motivation and Academic Resilience: Developing a Model for Student Enhancement. Australian Journal of Education, 46(1), 34-49. https://doi.org/10.1177/000494410204600104
Martin, A.J., & Marsh, H.W. (2006). Academic Resilience and its psychological and educational correlates: A construct validity approach. Psychology in the schools, 43(3), 267-281. https://doi.org/10.1002/pits.20149
Mason, H.D. (2018). Grit and academic performance among first-year university students: A brief report. Journal of Psychology in Africa, 28(1), 66-68. https://doi.org/10.1080/14330237.2017.1409478
Meyer, G., Shatto, B., Kuljeerung, O., Nuccio, L., Bergen, A., & Wilson, C.R. (2020). Exploring the relationship between resilience and Grit among nursing students: A correlational research study. Nurse Education Today, 84, 104246. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2019.104246
Montas, M., Rao, S.R., Atassi, H.A., Shapiro, M.C., Dean, J., & Salama, A.R. (2020). Relationship of Grit and resilience to dental students’ academic success. Journal of Dental Education, 85(2), 176-186. https://doi.org/10.1002/jdd.12414
Masumari, P.M., Tangmunkongvorakul, A., Srithanaviboonchai, K., Techasrivichien, T., Suguimoto, S.P., Ono-Kihara, M., & Kihara, M. (2018). Grit is associated with lower level of depression and anxiety among university students in Chiang Mai, Thailand: A cross-sectional study. Plos One, 13(12), e0209121. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0209121
Perez, W., Espinoza, R., Ramos, K., Coronado, H.M., & Cortes, R. (2009). Academic Resilience Among Undocumented Latino Students. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 31(2), 149-181. https://doi.org/10.1177/0739986309333020
Palmiter, D., Alvord, M., Dorlen, R., Diaz, L.C., Luthar, S.S., Maddi, S.R., O'Neill, H.K., Saakvitne, K.W., & Tedeschi, R.G. (2020, February 01). Building your resilience. Retrieved from https://www.apa.org/topics/resilience
Rao, P.S., & Krishnamurthy, A.R. (2017). Study of Academic Resilience of Urban High School Indian Students and its Impact on their Scholastic Performance. Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research (IJIR), 3(9), 525-534.
Salisu, I., Hashim, N., Mashi, M.S., & Aliyu, H.G.(2019). Perseverance of effort and consistency of interest for entrepreneurial career success. Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, 12(2), 279-304. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEEE-02-2019-0025
Singh, K., & Jha, S.D. (2008). Positive and negative affect, and Grit as predictors of happiness and life satisfaction. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, 34, 40-45.
Strayhorn, T.L. (2014). What Role Does Grit Play in the Academic Success of Black Male Collegians at Predominantly White Institutions? Journal of African American Studies, 18, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12111-012-9243-0
Stoffel, J.M., & Cain, C. (2018). Review of Grit and Resilience Literature within Health Professions Education. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 82(2), 124-134. https://doi.org/10.5688/ajpe6150
Stokas, A.G. (2015). A genealogy of Grit: Education in the new gilded age. Educational Theory, 65(5), 513-528. https://doi.org/10.1111/edth.12130
Trigueros, R., Padilla, A., Aguilar-Parra, J.M., Mercader, I., Lopez-Liria, R., & Rocamora, P. (2020). Influence of Transformational Teacher Leadership on Academic Motivation and Resilience, Burnout and Academic Performance. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(20), 7687. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207687
Tudor, K.E., & Spray, C.M., (2018). Approaches to measuring Academic Resilience: A systematic review. International Journal of Research Studies in Education, 7(4), 41-61. https://doi.org/10.5861/ijrse.2017.1880
Ozhan, M.B., & Boyaci, M. (2018). Grit as a predictor of depression, anxiety and stress among university students: a structural equational modelling. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 19(4), 370–376. https://doi.org/10.5455/apd.285042
Verma, S., Sharma, D., & Larson, R.W. (2002). School stress in India: Effects on time and daily emotions. International Journal of Behavioural Development, 26(6), 500-508. https://doi.org/10.1080/01650250143000454
Wang, M. C., Haertel, G. D., & Walberg, H. J. (1997). Fostering educational resilience in inner-city schools. In: H.J. Walberg, O. Reyes, & R.P. Weissberg (Eds.), Issues in children's and families' lives, Vol. 7. Children and youth: Interdisciplinary perspectives (p. 119–140). Sage Publications, Inc.
Warren, J.M., & Hale, R.M. (2020). Predicting Grit and Resilience: Exploring College Students’ Academic Rational Beliefs. Journal of College Counselling, 23(2), 154-167. https://doi.org/10.1002/jocc.12156
Wilks, S.E . (2008). Resilience amid Academic Stress: The Moderating Impact of Social Support among Social Work Students. Advances in Social Work, 9(2), 106-125. https://doi.org/10.18060/51
Wolters, C.A., & Hussain, M. (2015). Investigating Grit and its relations with college students’ self-regulated learning and academic achievement. Metacognition Learning, 10, 293–311. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11409-014-9128-9
How to Cite
Articles in Journal of Issues and Ideas in Education (Issues Ideas Educ.) by Chitkara University Publications are Open Access articles that are published with licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution- CC-BY 4.0 International License. Based on a work at https://iie.chitkara.edu.in. This license permits one to use, remix, tweak and reproduction in any medium, even commercially provided one give credit for the original creation.
View Legal Code of the above mentioned license, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode
View Licence Deed here https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
|Journal of Issues and Ideas in Education by Chitkara University Publications is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at https://iie.chitkara.edu.in