Academic Involvement in Children’s Education: An Investigation into the Lives of Domestic Worker Parents of Kolkata


  • Rupa Ghosh Department of B.Ed. (Economics), Loreto College, Kolkata, West Bengal-700071, India
  • Sudeshna Lahiri Department of Education, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, West Bengal-700027, India



Domestic workers, Academic involvement, Parent, Parent education, Work hours


Parenting holds tremendous significance in today’s world as quality parenting facilitates the development of social and emotional competence in a child. The present study explores the dual role of domestic workers as workers and parents. Domestic Workers work from dawn to dusk to take care of their employees’ families. The obvious question arises: who takes care of their children, back home? As a parent, Domestic workers with their odd working hours and low or no literacy rate are nowadays trying to overcome the socio-economic challenges as well as handicaps of the profession by getting involved in their children’s academics. This paper investigates the effects of the length of working hours and education levels of domestic worker parents on their academic involvement with the children. The present study uses a descriptive survey research design to find out the relationship between academic involvement and work hours. The data was subjected to appropriate descriptive and inferential statistics. The results indicate a negative relationship between work hours and academic
involvement. It is also revealed that higher education level to be associated with better academic involvement. The study thus calls for further intervention by schools and the government to motivate parents. Parent-teacher meetings may be of help in this respect along with workshops and government-sponsored programs to educate the parents to support them to climb up the socio-economic ladder through their children.


Download data is not yet available.


Augustine, J.M. (2013). Mothers' Employment, Education, and Parenting. Work and Occupations, 41(2), 237-270.

Avvisati, F., Besbas, B., & Guyon, N. (2010). Parental involvement in school: a literature review. Revue d'économie politique, 120(5), 759-778.

Buehler, C., & O’Brien, M. (2012). Mothers’ part-time employment: associations with mother and family well-being. Journal of Family Psychology, 25(6), 895–906.

Considine, G., & Zappala, G. (2002). Factors influencing the educational performance of students from disadvantaged backgrounds. In T. Eardley and B. Bradbury (Eds.), Competing Visions: Refereed Proceedings of the National Social Policy Conference 2001, SPRC Report 1/02, 91-107. Social Policy Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney. Retrieved from

Desforges, C., & Abouchaar, A. (2003). The impact of parental involvement, parental support and family education on pupil achievement and adjustment: a literature review (Research Report No. 433). Retrieved February 07, 2012 from

Eluri, S., & Singh, A. (2013). Unionizing Domestic Workers: Case Study of the INTUC- Karnataka Domestic Workers Congress. International Labour Organization. Retrieved from

Epstein, J.L. (1995). School/Family/Community Partnerships: Caring for the Children We Share. The Phi Delta Kappan, 76(9), 701-712.

Fan, X., & Chen, M. (2001). Parental involvement and students' academic achievement: a meta-analysis. Educational Psychology Review, 13, 1-22.

Gratz, J. (2006). The Impact of Parents’ Background on their Children’s Education. Educational Studies, 268, 1-12.

Guryan, J., Hurst, E., & Kearney, M. (2008). Parental Education and Parental Time with Children. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 22(3), 23-46.

Hara, R.S., & Burke, J.D. (1998). Parent involvement: The key to improved student achievement. School Community Journal, 8(2), 9-19.

Holladay, H.M. (2013). Mothers' work-to-family conflict and children's academic achievement: do school involvement and work status matter? (All Theses and Dissertations. 3930). Brigham Young University. Retrieved from

Hoover-Dempsey, K.V., Walker, J.M.T., Sandler, H.M., Whetsel, D., Green, C.L., Wilkins, A.S., & Closson, K. (2005). Why Do Parents Become Involved? Research Findings and Implications. The Elementary School Journal, 106(2), 105-130.

International Labour Organization (2013). Snapshot: ILO in Action, Domestic Workers. Retrieved from

Kundu, A. (2008). Conditions of work and rights of the female domestic workers of Kolkata. The Indian Journal of Labour Economics, 50(4), 853-866.

Lewis, V., & Tudball, J. (2001). Family and work. The family’s perspective. Retrieved from

Nehaul, K. (1999). Parenting, schooling and carribean heritage pupils. International Studies in Sociology of Education, 9(1), 39-57.

Peña, D.C. (2000). Parent involvement: Influencing factors and implications. The Journal of Educational Research, 94(1), 42-54.

Peterson, K. (2002). Parental involvement in the early learning center at Tiffany Creek Elementary (Master’s thesis). University of Wisconsin-Stout. Retrieved from

Phillips, K.R. (2002). Parent work and child well-being in low-income families. Occasional Paper. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program to Assess Changing Social Policies (Report No. OP-56). Retrieved from

Roeters, A., Lippe, T.V.D., & Kluwer, E.S. (2010). Work characteristics and parent-child relationship quality: the mediating role of temporal involvement. Journal of Marriage and Family, 72(5), 1317-1328.

Sanghera, T. (2018, November 22). Blamed for their parents’ poverty, 80% of marginalised Indian children experience corporal punishment in school. India Spend. Retrieved January 20, 2019 from

Shah, S., & Nakhat, P. (2018). Parent child relationship of Indian students and suggestive techniques. The International Journal of Indian Psychology, 6(2), 12-20.

Shipman, M. (2013, December 4). Working odd shifts can hurt parent-child relationships. North Carolina State University. Retrieved from

Tavakol, M., & Dennick, R. (2011). Making sense of Cronbach's alpha. International Journal of Medical Education, 2, 53-55.

Vellymalay, S.K.N. (2011). A study of the relationship between Indian parents' education level and their involvement in their children's education. Kajian Malaysia, 29(2), 47–65.

Weiss, H.B., Mayer, E., Kreider, H., Vaughan, M., Dearing, E., Hencke, R., & Pinto, K. (2003). Making it work: low-income working mothers' involvement in their children's education. American Educational Research Journal, 40(4), 879-901.

Whitbeck, L.B., Simons, R.L., Conger, R.D., Wickrama, K.A.S., Ackley, K.A., & Elder Jr, G.H. (1997). The Effects of Parents' Working Conditions and Family Economic Hardship on Parenting Behaviors and Children's Self-Efficacy. Social Psychology Quarterly, 60(4), 291-303.

Yap, K.O., & Enoki, D.Y. (1995). In Search of the Elusive Magic Bullet: Parental Involvement and Student Outcomes. School Community Journal, 5(2), 97-106.




How to Cite

Ghosh, R. ., & Lahiri, S. . (2021). Academic Involvement in Children’s Education: An Investigation into the Lives of Domestic Worker Parents of Kolkata. Issues and Ideas in Education, 9(1), 21–32.



situs judi online terbaik yang rekomendasi daftar situs judi slot online deposit pulsa, live casino online, dan bandar judi bola dengan jackpot slot gacor terbesar di Indonesia.