ICT as Blending Methodology: A Case Study in a Bilingual School in Castilla la Mancha
Keywords:ICT, Blended Learning, CLIL
The use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) is increasingly affecting every aspect of our daily lives, including the educational field where new approaches and methodologies are being developed. CLIL is currently one of the most popular educational approaches in Europe as it combines specifically created online course materials with more traditional teaching strategies. The case study introduced in this paper involves a charter school in Castilla-La Mancha called La Merced where CLIL was introduced in 2013. In the academic year 2018-2019, the school was taken over by an international educational network named Red Educativa Arenales, which decided to modernize the school by introducing highly innovative education teaching strategies related to ICT methodology. The initial stage of the modernization plan consists of equipping every classroom with digital devices such as laptops and tablets, as physical textbooks have been substituted by an online learning platform. Most school stakeholders agree that this first year has proved to be highly satisfactory regarding students’ motivation and academic achievement. Drawing on my experience as an English teacher in La Merced since 2011, in this paper I compare the classroom atmosphere and the academic achievements of my students until 2018, when more traditional methods were in use, to last year’s textbook-free pilot program. I will focus on my own grade, namely 3rd level of secondary education class (age 15-16) whose exam results have remarkably improved since the implementation of ICT blending methodology.
Abeysekera, L., & Dawson, P. (2015). Motivation and cognitive load in the flipped classroom: definition, rationale and a call for research. Higher Education Research & Development, 34(1). pp. 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1080/07294360.2014.934336
Aguado-Franco, J.C., Matosas-Lopez, L., & Gómez-Galan, J. (2019). Constructing an instrument with behavioral scales to assess teaching quality in blended learning modalities. Journal of New Approaches in Educational Research, 8(2), 142-165. https://doi.org/10.7821/naer.2019.7.410
Akbarov, A., Gönen, K., & Aydoğan, H. (2018). Students' Attitudes Toward Blended Learning in EFL Context. Acta Didactica Napocensia 11(1), 61-68. https://doi.org/10.24193/adn.11.1.5
Almasaeid, T. F. (2014). The effect of using Blended Learning Strategy on achievement and attitudes in teaching science among 9th grade students. European Scientific Journal, 10(31), 133-145. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2014.v10n31p%p
Al-Saleem, B.I., Samadi, O.M., & Tawalbeh, M.A. (2010). The effect of using blended learning on EFL Jordanian tenth grades student's oral skills (pp. 99-128). Proceedings of Education in the Era of Alternatives Conference. Yarmook University, Jordan, 20-22 April.
Biggs, J., & Tang, C. (2011). Teaching for Quality Learning at University. McGraw Hill/Open University Press, 4th edition.
Bonk, C.J., & Graham, C. R. (2005). (Eds.), Blended Learning Systems: Definition, Current Trends, and Future Directions. Handbook of Blended Learning: Global Perspectives. San Francisco, CA: Pfeiffer Publishing, pp. 3-21.
Castells, M. (2006). La revolución de la tecnología de la información. In M. Castells (Ed.), La era de la información: economía, sociedad y cultura (pp. 55–92). México: Siglo XXI Editores.
Chen, M. (2010). The Youth Edge: Digital Learners Carrying Change in Their Pockets. In Education Nation: Six Leading Edges of Innovation in our Schools (pp. 213). San Francisco: Jossie-Bass.
Council of Europe (2001). Common European framework of reference for languages: Learning, teaching, assessment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
De George-Walker, L., & Keefe, M. (2010). Self-determined blended learning: a case study of blended learning design. Higher Education Research & Development, 29(1), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1080/07294360903277380
Deller, S. (2005). Teaching other subjects in English (CLIL). In English!, Spring 2005, pp. 29-31.
Dimitrios, B., Labros, S., Nikolaos, K., Maria, K., & Athanasios, K. (2013). Traditional teaching methods Vs. Teaching through the application of information and communication technologies in the accounting field: Quo Vadis? European Scientific Journal, 9(28), 73-101. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2013.v9n28p%p
Dziuban, C.D., Hartman, J.L., & Moskal, P.D. (2004). Blended learning. EDUCAUSE Center for Applied Research Bulletin, 7, 112.
Eryilmaz, M. (2015). The Effectiveness of Blended Learning Environments. Contemporary Issues in Education Research (CIER), 8(4), 251-256. https://doi.org/10.19030/cier.v8i4.9433
Fakhir, O.M. (2014). The effect of dissect strategy on first year EFL university students’ word awareness. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 10(14), 399-419.
Friesen, Norm (2012). Report: Defining Blended Learning. Retrieved from https://www.normfriesen.info/papers/Defining_Blended_Learning_NF.pdf
Garrison, D.R. & Kanuka, H. (2004). Blended learning: Uncovering its transformative potential in higher education. Internet & Higher Education, 7(2), 95-105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iheduc.2004.02.001
Graham, C.R. (2005). Blended learning systems: definition, current trends, and future definitions. In C. J. Bonk & C.R. Graham (Eds.), Handbook of blended learning: Global perspectives, local design. (pp. 3–21). San Francisco, CA: Pfeiffer Publishing.
Graham, C.R., & Dziuban, C. (2007). Blended Learning Environments. Handbook of Research on Educational Communications and Technology: A Project of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology. 2.
Koc, S., Liu, X., & Wachira, P. (2015). Assessment in Online and Blended Learning Environments. America: Age Publishing Inc 2015.
Macdonald, J., & Scandrett, E. (2008). Blended Learning and Online Tutoring: Planning Learner Support and Activity Design. Hampshire, UK: Gower 2008.
MacHumu, H.J., Zhu, C., & Sesabo, J. (2016). Blended Learning in the Vocational Education and Training System in Tanzania: Understanding Vocational Educators' Perceptions. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 3(2), 30-45.
Martín-Barbero, J. (2002). The crisis of the professions in the "knowledge society". Nómadas, 16, 177–191.
Mitchell, P., & Forer, P. (2010). Blended learning: The perceptions of first-year geography students. Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 34(1), 77-89. https://doi.org/10.1080/03098260902982484
Ocak, M.A., & Akçayır, M. (2013). Do motivation tactics work in blended learning environments?: The ARCS model approach. International Journal of Social Sciences & Education, 3(4), 1058-1070.
Radosavlevikj, N. (2017). Creating new opportunities for Language Learners: “Blended Learning Solution” (A case study implemented with mixed ability students in the Language Centre, SEEU- Skopje). New Trends and Issues Proceedings on Humanities and Social Sciences, 3(5), 63-80. https://doi.org/10.18844/prosoc.v3i5.2006
Rowley, J. (2006). What is quality teacher education for music education students? Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Teaching and Learning in Higher Education: TLHE Centre for Development of Teaching and Learning (CDTL), National University of Singapore, Singapore December 2006, pp. 228-230.
Slomanson, W.R. (2014). Blended Learning: A Flipped Classroom Experiment. Journal of Legal Education, 64(1), 93.
Stein, J., & Graham, C.R. (2014). Essentials for Blended Learning: A Standards-Based Guide. New York: Routledge.
Strayer, J. (2007). The effects of the classroom flip on the learning environment: A comparison of learning activities in a traditional classroom and a flip classroom that used an intelligent tutoring system (Dissertation). Ohio State University.
Towndrow, P., & Cheers, C. (2003). Learning to communicate effectively in English through blended e-learning. Teaching and Learning, 24(1), 55-66.
Turpo, O. (2012). La modalidad educativa Blended Learning en las universidades de Iberoamérica: Análisis y perspectivas de desarrollo. Educar, 48(1), 123-147.
Wei Li, Y. (2016). Transforming Conventional Teaching Classroom to Learner-Centred Teaching Classroom Using Multimedia-Mediated Learning Module. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 6(2), 105-112. https://doi.org/10.7763/IJIET.2016.V6.667
Willemse, M., Lunenberg, M., & Korthagen, F. (2005). Values in education: A challenge for teacher educators. Teaching and Teacher Education, 21(2), 205–217. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2004.12.009
How to Cite
Articles in Journal of Issues and Ideas in Education (Issues Ideas Educ.) by Chitkara University Publications are Open Access articles that are published with licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution- CC-BY 4.0 International License. Based on a work at https://iie.chitkara.edu.in. This license permits one to use, remix, tweak and reproduction in any medium, even commercially provided one give credit for the original creation.
View Legal Code of the above mentioned license, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode
View Licence Deed here https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
|Journal of Issues and Ideas in Education by Chitkara University Publications is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at https://iie.chitkara.edu.in