Effect of Saakshar Bharat Mission in Chamba District of Himachal Pradesh
Keywords:Saakshar Bharat Mission, Himachal Literacy Date, Adult Education, Female Literacy Rate
This paper examines the effect of the Saakshar Bharat Mission- 2012 in the district Chamba of Himachal Pradesh. Saakshar Bharat Mission was launched on the International Literacy Day, 8th September, 2009. The rationale behind the programme is to create a literate society through a variety of teaching learning programme for non-literate and neo-literate adults in the age group of 15 years and above with the prime focus on women. The programme is mainly focused on women as the magnitude of illiteracy among women is very high. Only 54.16% of women are literate as per 2001 census. The programme included 365 districts. These are those districts in which the female literacy rate is found to be less than 50% according to 2001 census. In Himachal Pradesh, Chamba district has been selected for the same as the female literacy rate according to 2001 census was 48.8%. Saaskshar Bharat Mission has left positive effect on the literacy rate of Himachal Pradesh. The literacy rate of Himachal Pradesh indicates an increase of 7.30% in 2011 census. The male (5.48%) and female (9.18%) literacy rate of Himachal Pradesh also increased. The district Chamba of Himachal Pradesh indicates an increase in literacy rate by 10.28% from 2001 to 2011. The male and female literacy rate in Chamba district is increased by 7.78% to 13.29% from 2001 to 2011. As far as gender gap in district Chamba is concerned it is decreased by 5.51%.
Census of Himachal Pradesh (2011). District-wise population and literacy in Himachal. Retrieved on July 8, 2013 from http://hillpost.in/2011/04/district-wise-population-and-literacy-in-himachal/27291/
Census of India (2001). Retrived on July 9, 2013 from http://www.jsk.gov.in/projection_report_december2006.pdf
Census of India (2011). 2011 Census of India .Retrieved on June 10, 2013 form http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2011_census_of_India#Literacy
Department of School Education and Literacy (2012). Adult Education. Retrieved on July 11, 2013 from http://mhrd.gov.in/adulteducation
Govt. of Himachal Pradesh (2010-11). Statistical Outline of Himachal Pradesh: Economics and Statistical Department.
Govt. of Himachal Pradesh (2011-12). Statistical Outline of Himachal Pradesh: Economics and Statistical Department.
Govt. of India (2012). Men and Women in India 14thIssue. Retrieved on July 11, 2013 from http://mospi.nic.in/mospi_new/upload/women_men_2012_31oct12.pdf
Govt. of India (2012). Conference of State Education Secretaries: Adult Education. New Delhi: Government of India. Retrieved on July 24, 2012 from http://mhrd.gov.in/sites/upload_files/mhrd/files/Annexure21%20(AE)_Minutes_State_Edn._Secy.2012)_0.pdf.
Illiteracy (2012). World Illiteracy Rate. Retrieved on January 24, 2013 form http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/society/A0858751.html
National Literacy Mission (2009). Alternative approaches and strategies for basic literacy. Drafted report ver.28.0. as on 1.13.2009/12:30pm.
Prashar, B. (2012, February, 21). Saakshar Bharat Yatra flagged off. The Tribune. Retrieved on January 12, 2013 from http://www.tribuneindia.com/2012/20111211/himachal.html
Prashar, B. (2012, December, 11). 5,570 govt. employees illiterate in Chamba district. The Tribune. Retrieved on January 12, 2013 from http://www.tribuneindia.com/2011/20111211/himacha.html
Rani, Sandhya (2010).Women’s Education in India- An Analysis. In Asia Pacific Journal of Social Sciences. Retrieved on July 10, 2013 from http://www.socialsciences-ejournal.org/3.5.%20Sandhya%20Rani.pdf
Statistics on Women (2010). Statistics on women in India 2010. Retrieved on July 9, 2013 from http://nipccd.nic.in/reports/ehndbk10.pdf
State Resource Centre (2011). Evolving Gram Panchayat Model- Innovations in Implantation of Saakshar Bharat-2012.draft note ver.2.0 as on 05.04.2011.
Saakshar Bharat Mission (2012). Retrieved on July 9, 2013 from http://iaspreparationonline.com/2012/12/12/saakshar-bharat-mission/ http://saaksharbharat.nic.in/saaksharbharat/aboutPage.action
UNESCO (2010). The Educaiton For All-Global Monitoring Report. Retrived on January 8, 2013 from http://www.unesco.org/new/en/education/themes/leading-the-international-agenda/efareport/reports/2010-marginalization/
UNESCO (2012). The Educaiton For All-Global Monitoring Report. Retrived on July 11, 2013 from http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002180/218003e.pdf
UNESCO (2012). Action Plan India. Retrieved on July 11, 2013 from
World Demographic Profile (2013). Retrieved on July 11, 2013 from
http://www.indexmundi.com/world/demographics_profile.html world demographic profile 2013
How to Cite
Articles in Journal of Issues and Ideas in Education (Issues Ideas Educ.) by Chitkara University Publications are Open Access articles that are published with licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution- CC-BY 4.0 International License. Based on a work at https://iie.chitkara.edu.in. This license permits one to use, remix, tweak and reproduction in any medium, even commercially provided one give credit for the original creation.
View Legal Code of the above mentioned license, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode
View Licence Deed here https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
|Journal of Issues and Ideas in Education by Chitkara University Publications is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at https://iie.chitkara.edu.in