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Corporate Social Responsibility and its impact on the Indian Education Sector

Arpana Singh and Tanuja Kaushik

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Corporate Social Responsibility, Education, India

PUBLISHED DATE September 03, 2018
PUBLISHER The Author(s) 2018. This article is published with open access at

Education is the backbone of any society in this world but the quality of education matter a lot. In India Government has been taken several steps to improve education quality but government effort alone could not do enough. Everyone should give some contribution to improve quality of education. Like government Indian Corporate sectors has been also playing very vital role to enhance education quality through their Corporate Social Responsibility. This paper explains different Initiatives which has been taken by the top Indian corporates for betterment of education and also explore its impact on Indian education sector.

Purpose: The aim of the paper is to identify the CSR initiatives of Indian corporations that has a direct impact on educational field of India and to classify which type of activities are involved to support education system of India.

Methodology: This study is exploratory followed by descriptive in nature. The study is essentially a review of literature on CSR. Various secondary sources have been used to support this theoretical conceptual research such as recent newspaper articles, available published literature, company reports and government websites.

Findings: Since ancient time CSR activities have been adopted by Indian companies. This study found that companies in India are more interested to contribute their CSR activities in education field but study also revealed that much more contribution and efforts have been required than the current contribution.

Originality: The paper shares about CSR initiatives of Corporations in field of education to uplift the education infrastructure, system and shaping the knowledge culture for better future. Implications: This study insight on Indian education sector requirement and the significant aspects of CSR initiatives taken by top corporations of India. This study contributes towards the CSR strategy formation of the companies and government for enhancing CSR initiatives for uplifting Indian education sector.


This present era of globalization reflects that, Corporations and business enterprises are not restricted to the traditional boundaries of the nation-state. Nowadays CSR has a very prominent on the corporate agenda and playing an important role in the rapidly changing global world. CSR is a concept which leads in the field of business reporting. Every business has policy for CSR and involved in CSR activities for which business has to report detailing about the CSR activities (Crowther & Gular, 2008). CSR not only takes the activities of companies for better utilisation of profit to make social and environment development but also include the methods employed to make these profit and maintain transparency among all stakeholders (Chamber, 2013).

For the long term sustainability in the market companies required two major important prerequisite that is social and environment concerned. This new generation of corporations identified these requirement and makes strategy for CSR. “Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) aims to better integrate social and environmental concerns into business routines on a voluntary basis.” (Steurer, 2009).

Many organisations give donations for various causes such as education, community improvement, and arts and culture in spite of growing interest in corporate responsibility, it is difficult to define the concept because every authors have different opinions.

As per the study conducted by the Varkey Foundation on CSR Spent from 2011 to 2013, Fortune Global 500 companies spent $2.6bn on education annually, $1bn.

These companies has been spent 13% of their corporate social responsibility (CSR) contributions – and 10.4% of their grants – on education which much insufficient as UNESCO stated in their report that Global education has to handle an annual budgetary shortfall of $26bn. Even though education spending by the world’s largest companies isn’t not enough to meet the shortfall. Objective of the study is identify the CSR initiatives of Indian corporations that have a direct impact on educational sector in India and to classify which type of CSR activities are involved to support education system of India.

To fulfill the said objectives various secondary sources have been reviewed. Recent newspaper articles. Available published literature includes Journals, Government websites Articles and reports published by some renowned management consulting firms, company’s websites. In India, out of the total of 229 million students only enrolled for class I – XII, only some of actually receive quality education with good teachers and teaching aids.

Page(s) 129-134
ISSN Print : 2320-7655, Online : 2320-8805

“Education is favored because it touches on various aspects of many social problems,” said by Niraj Seth, he is a senior partner at Ernst and Young LLP. According to data compiled by Prime Database, companies spent Rs 8,345 crore on various CSR activities in 2015-16, against Rs 6,526 crore the previous year. Education was the most preferred cause, attracting Rs 2,042 crore or nearly a fourth of the total spending. This substantial increase in CSR funding in the last financial year has given a lot of push to quality education initiatives along with intensifying Skilling India Mission and Swachh Bharat Mission of Government of India. Education project received 32% of the CSR fund while Swachh Bharat related projects received 7.3% of Indian companies’ CSR fund. “It is not enough just to build infrastructure. The government already does that. What we need is to supplement that infrastructure with quality education,” Jain of Dell Foundation said. (Manku, 2017).

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